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It is not certain whether Lucca was born as a Ligurian or Etruscan settlement, but it is certain that the Roman city started from 180 AD.
The remains of the Roman presence are still visible today in the typical orthogonal arrangement of the streets of the center, in the Anfieteatro Square, which preserves its characteristic shape of closed elliptical square and the Forum located in today's Piazza San Michele.
During the Longobardo Kingdom Lucca became one of the most important capitals of Europe and thanks to the venerated relic of the Holy Face within the Cathedral of San Martino, it became a medieval age a fundamental stage of the pilgrimage on Via Francigena. In 1805 the Principality of Lucca and Piombino was established, assigned to the sister of Napoleon Elisa Bonaparte and after the Vienna Congress, the Duchy of Lucca was created and replaced by regent Maria Luisa of Bourbon.
Very well known in Lucca is Torre Guinigi, famous for the oak that adorns the top of the tower.
This perennial garden was wanted by the Guinigi family who became Town Lords in the 15th century.
The oak was the symbol of the city's rebirth under their domination.
The Cathedral of San Martino in Piazza del Duomo, founded in the 11th century but restored in the Renaissance period, has many works such as Deposition of Nicola Pisano, paintings of Ghirlandaio and Tintoretto, but mainly two works of art: the crucifix of the Holy Face And the Fiume Monument of Ilaria del Carretto by Jacopo della Quercia.
The symbol of Napoleonic domination is Piazza Napoleone, whose execution, wanted by Elisa Bonaparte, changed the original layout of the square. Here is also the Palazzo Ducale, which has always been the seat of political administration, restored in the '500 by Ammannati and enlarged in the 700 by Juvarra.
The square is a typical example of neoclassical urbanism, with its structure and the trees that surround it sometimes reminds of the great Parisian expanse.
How to visit Lucca from our hotel in Fucecchio
By car: following the provincial road direction Altopascio or taking the motorway to Altopascio exit Lucca.
Holidays in Tuscany take advantage of our offer and book until March 15, 2018 and save with a 25% discount on our official rates.
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